Cover Picture: In this original article, a detailed taxonomy predicated on security vulnerability is presented. Further, this paper discusses the research aspects and challenges to be taken care of in aviation security and communication Finally, a summary of the current state of threats and their consequences for widely-used aviation models is concluded. The result shows that the aviation system is still exposed to various attacks. Key technological challenges that have been serving as a deterrent to adopting more secure alternative approaches, as well as research avenues where further progress is needed are examined.
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